Risk factors for the progression of Periodontal disease

However, the following factors can accelerate the development of the periodontal disease and provoke a more aggressive form of the disease:

Risk factors for the progression of Periodontal disease


Tobacco users have an increased risk for periodontal disease. In fact, recent studies have shown that tobacco use may be one of the most significant risk factors in the development and progression of periodontal disease.


Research proves that up to 30% of the population may have a genetical predisposition for periodontitis. Confirming this predisposition by means of a genetic test GenoType test (Hains,Lifescience,Nehren), before the signs of the disease become evident, and getting these patients into early treatment may help them keep their teeth for a lifetime.

Puberty, Pregnancy and Menopause in Women

A woman's health needs are unique. There are certain periods in a woman's life when extra oral care is needed, such as puberty or menopause, and times such as menstruation or pregnancy. During these periods, a woman's body experiences hormonal changes that have an influence on the health of gums. Additionally, recent studies suggest that a pregnant woman with a gum disease is seven times more likely to deliver a preterm, low birth weight baby.


Stress is linked to many serious conditions such as hypertension, cancer and numerous other health problems. Stress is also a risk factor for periodontal disease.


Some drugs, such as oral contraceptives, anti-depressants and certain heart medicines can affect your oral health.

Clenching or Grinding Your Teeth

Clenching or grinding your teeth can put excess force on the supporting tissues of the teeth and speed up the rate at which these periodontal tissues are destroyed.


There is double cross-connection between diabetes and periodontal disease. If you have diabetes, you are at a higher risk for developing infections, including periodontal diseases. These infections can impair the ability to process or use insulin, which may cause your diabetes to become more difficult to control and make your gum infection more severe.

Other Systemic Diseases

Diseases that interfere with the body's immune system may worsen the condition of the gums (HIV positive, Hepatitis B or C, tumour).

Poor Nutrition

A diet low in nutrients can compromise the body's immune system. Poor nutrition can worsen the condition of general health and support the development of an aggressive form of periodontitis.

More information: FAQ-Periodontology

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